Intercept 2: Initial Detention/Initial Court Hearings

As more resources become available, each intercept page will be updated with new information. Please check back frequently to get the most current and up-to-date information on best-practices, research, and policy within each area of the intercept model.

Intercept 2 is a point where post-arrest diversion programs are the next opportunity for diversion from an individual going further into the criminal justice system.  Action steps at this intercept include (SAMHSA, 2016):

  • Screening: Screen for mental illness, substance use disorders, and trauma and assess for criminal risk at earliest opportunity; initiate process that identifies those eligible for diversion or needing treatment in jail; use validated, simple instrument or matching management information systems; screen at jail or at court by prosecution, defense, judge/court staff or service providers; implement a criminal risk-needs-responsivity model
  • Pre-trial Diversion: Maximize opportunities for pretrial release and assist defendants with behavioral health disorders in complying with conditions of pretrial diversion
  • Service Linkage: Link to comprehensive services, including care coordination, access to medication, integrated dual disorder treatment (IDDT) as appropriate, prompt access to benefits, health care, peer support, and housing; IDDT is an essential evidence-based practice (EBP)

Testing the Cost Savings of Judicial Diversion  (2013) Center for Court Innovation

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) PowerPoint – Peer Support Roles in Criminal Justice Settings

The San Francisco Pretrial Diversion Project

Connections to Care