Intercept 3: Jails/Courts

As more resources become available, each intercept page will be updated with new information. Please check back frequently to get the most current and up-to-date information on best-practices, research, and policy within each area of the intercept model.

Intercept 3 represents a time when individuals have already entered the criminal justice system and are incarcerated in jail, or on bail waiting to go to court.   Action steps at this intercept include (SAMHSA, 2016):

  • Screening: Inform diversion opportunities and need for treatment in jail with screening information from Intercept 2
  • Court Coordination: Maximize potential for diversion in specialty treatment courts or non-specialty courts
  • Service Linkage: Link to comprehensive services, including care coordination, access to medication, IDDT as appropriate, trauma-specific programs, prompt access to benefits, health care, peer support, and housing
  • Court Feedback: Monitor progress with scheduled appearances (typically directly by court); promote communication and information sharing between non-specialty courts and service providers by establishing clear policies and procedures
  • Jail-Based Services: Provide services consistent with community and public health standards, including appropriate psychiatric medications; coordinate care with community providers

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of a Mental Health Court (2009) Council on State Governments – Justice Center

What Works for Justice Involved People with Mental Illness (2016) CDCR/Jennifer Skeem, PhD

California Courts: Collaborative Justice Courts: Website