Intercept 4: Reentry

As more resources become available, each intercept page will be updated with new information. Please check back frequently to get the most current and up-to-date information on best-practices, research, and policy within each area of the intercept model.

Intercept 4 is when individuals have gone through the criminal justice system, or the behavioral health system and have been absent from their community and are now reentering.  Action steps at this intercept include (SAMHSA, 2016):

  • Assess clinical and social needs and public safety risks; boundary spanner position (e.g., discharge coordinator, transition planner) can coordinate institutional with community behavioral health and community supervision agencies
  • Plan for treatment and services that address needs; GAINS Reentry Checklist (available from reentry.asp) documents treatment plan and communicates it to community providers and supervision agencies – domains include prompt access to medication, behavioral health and health services, benefits, and housing \Identify required community and correctional programs responsible for post-release services; best practices include reach-in engagement and specialized case management teams
  • Coordinate transition plans to avoid gaps in care with community-based services

The Department of Justice, in their RoadMap to Reentry, identify five evidence-based principles guiding federal efforts to improve correctional practices and programs that govern the lives of those who will reenter society after incarceration, these include (DOJ, 2016):

  • Principle I: Upon incarceration, every inmate should be provided an individualized reentry plan tailored to his or her risk of recidivism and programmatic needs.
  • Principle II: While incarcerated, each inmate should be provided education, employment training, life skills, substance abuse, mental health, and other programs that target their criminogenic needs and maximize their likelihood of success upon release.
  • Principle III: While incarcerated, each inmate should be provided the resources and opportunity to build and maintain family relationships, strengthening the support system available to them upon release.
  • Principle IV: During transition back to the community, halfway houses and supervised release programs should ensure individualized continuity of care for returning citizens.
  • Principle V: Before leaving custody, every person should be provided comprehensive reentry-related information and access to resources necessary to succeed in the community.

Homelessness and Justice Involvement Fact Sheet