The Rehabilitative Process
Rehabilitative programming opportunities are available to all inmates at various stages during their incarceration, including parole. During an inmate’s incarceration, they are provided medical, dental, mental health, institutional jobs, and an annual classification process. The Roadmap to Rehabilitation diagram (below) outlines the basic steps of the rehabilitative process and illustrates the best way for an inmate to be prepared for success upon release.
NOTE: Please note that each inmate is subject to variables that may defer from the exact steps as listed below.
The Step-By-Step Process
For more information on each step of the rehabilitative process, please select from the following “Step-By-Step Process” blocks below.
Inmate enters prison
Offender enters prison.
STEP 1: Inmate enters reception area
Inmates received are provided orientation regarding key policies and procedures (PREA, ADA, Medical, MH, etc.) and various assessments, including their risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs…
- California Static Risk Assessment (CSRA)
- Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions (COMPAS)
- Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE) Reading
- Division of Adult Institutions (DAI) Security Assessments
- Healthcare Evaluations
During the reception center process, inmates receive all necessary healthcare evaluations and are assessed for placement into a home institution via security assessments and integrated housing interviews. The institution placement takes into account their needs, available space, and any security or custody considerations. The DAI correctional counselors administer CDCR’s COMPAS Core Assessment. This assessment, combined with the automated CSRA’s risk to reoffend helps determine priority placement for future DRP programming. In addition to the prior work, DRP’s Office of Correctional Education (OCE) instructors will administer the TABE Reading assessment to gauge an inmate’s need for literacy/education services once placed at their home institution.
STEP 2: Begin classification process
Following reception and once at their home institution, an inmate meets with their correctional counselor and goes through the classification committee process where they are placed on appropriate programming lists, including educational, treatment, and jobs/work assignments. Rehabilitative placements should be driven from CSRA, COMPAS, and TABE Reading along with an inmate’s discussion of needs/wants and case file information.
Once placed at a home institution, an inmate will formally go through the classification process where DAI correctional counselors will review the inmate’s reception center information and discuss an inmate’s needs, wants, and goals while incarcerated, including different programming or institutional jobs that may be available to the inmate at this specific location. The correctional counselor will review an inmate’s needs from COMPAS, TABE Reading scores, and any other applicable case file information to decide what programs best fit the inmate’s incarceration timelines. Here, counselors can leverage the Rehabilitative Case Plan in Strategic Offender Management System (SOMS) to help guide their recommendations during the classification process.
STEP 3: Programming: Day 90 - Up to 60 months left to serve
Inmate may be placed in various programming aimed to focus on gaining any necessary educational achievements along with any voluntary programs.
- Innovative Grant / Inmate Activity Groups
- Library Services
- Recreation Programs
If an inmate has a need for education services and is placed on an academic list through the DAI classification committee, Correctional Education instructors will administer a full TABE and Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (CASAS) battery. These tests are aimed to gather a full understanding of an inmate’s math and reading needs and estimated grade level. Here, it is critical that all barriers to receiving educational services be mitigated to avoid potential disruptions of the learning process.
During the Innovative Grant process, DRP awards grants to non-profit vendors. These vendors provide inmate activity groups programming similar to historical self-help programming and include programs such as the Prison Yoga Project and gardening. They are coordinated at the local institution level through DAI’s Community Resource Manager. DAI is responsible for finding space, coordinating activities/times, developing class assignments, and coordinating all grantees access to the institution.
Library and Recreation
These services are made available to the inmate population by the Division of Rehabilitative Programs. However, access to programming can sometimes be determined by safety and security issues. DRP plays a critical role to ensure inmates are provided literacy improvement opportunities, rich literature content, law library services, and research materials for college classes.
Once an inmate reaches a High School Diploma or Equivalency (GED, HiSet) level of education, DRP works with local and national colleges to provide both on-site face-to-face college and college correspondence. DAI plays a critical role in the assignment process for these courses as they can significantly change from semester to semester – this drives a large workload for DAI. Creating and maintaining flexibility in assignments and scheduling allow the inmate to attend college, assignments, jobs, or other programming.
STEP 4: Programming: 48-60 months left to serve
Inmate may be placed in various programming aimed to address criminogenic needs, obtain a higher education level, or both.
- Career Technical Education (CTE)
- Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT)
- College Programming
Career Technical Education
While DRP delivers the career technical programming, inmates are also placed through the DAI classification and inmate assignment process. This programming, geared toward an inmate nearing their earliest possible release date, is often complicated by other inmate programming needs and priorities, further creating complexities for the DAI classification and assignment process. Additionally, DAI’s Inmate Assignments prioritizes placement in these programs for inmates closest to release with the highest risk and highest needs. This classification is often complicated by educational location, custody issues, and institutional job and other assignments needed prior to release. To be successful in CTE programming, having an appropriate math and reading level are often critical aspects. DRP’s Career Technical Education programming under DRP acts as a pre-apprenticeship program to potential Institutional and Prison Industry Authority jobs.
Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
While DRP facilitates and delivers treatment programming through contracted providers, inmates are placed on wait lists through the classification process and inmate assignment process at the right time. Importantly, the case planning is necessary to allow inmates to take multiple needs and accomplish other priorities prior to release. Additionally, DAI’s Inmate Assignments office prioritizes placement in these programs for inmates closest to release with the highest risk and highest needs which can drive significant workload. These assignments are often complicated by treatment location, custody issues, and institutional job and other assignments needed prior to release. It is also very important for DRP to make this programming available to inmates prior to release which often requires rotating on yards, etc.
Once an inmate reaches a High School Diploma or Equivalency (GED, HiSet) level of education, DRP works with local and national colleges to provide both on-site face-to-face college and college correspondence. DAI plays a critical role in the assignment process for these courses as they can significantly change from semester to semester – this drives a large workload for DAI. Creating and maintaining flexibility in assignments and scheduling to allow the inmate to attend college, assignments, jobs, or other programming.
STEP 5: Programming: 12-15 months left to serve
Inmate may continue receiving treatment and educational programming in-prison or may elect, if eligible, to participate in community-based reentry programs.
- Custody to Community Transitional Reentry Program (CCTRP)
- Male Community Reentry Program (MCRP)
CDCR allows male and female inmates to participate in community-based reentry programming prior to formal release from custody. These reentry programs are aimed to supplement any programming not received while incarcerated (employment/education/treatment) while also creating linkages to critical community-based needs to better engage and create a warm hand off for an inmate’s formal release to parole/probation. Again, Correctional Counselors play a critical role here to ensure that inmates available to go to these programs go through the classification process and are placed on the approved programming lists in order to participate in this programming.
STEP 6: Programming: 210 days left to serve
Inmate may also enroll in community-based programs designed to help them successfully reenter the community from prison.
- Transitions Reentry Program
- CAL-ID Program
- Parole Planning
Transitions Reentry Programming
DRP employs Transition Reentry teachers that focus on employment, transitions, and financial literacy for an inmate within their last year of incarceration. DRP supplies the DAI programming assignment office with a list of inmates to be assigned to the classroom. It is really important that appropriate case planning has occurred throughout an inmate’s incarceration to allow them adequate time to take this 5-week course prior to release. Equally as important, DRP should make this programming available to all inmates prior to release which often requires rotating on yards, etc.
Prior to an inmate’s release and with other pre-release programming/information, DAI Correctional Counselors will meet with inmates and discuss their eligibility/need to receive a California identification card upon release. DAI will work with the inmate to complete necessary forms within appropriate time frames, where the forms are then routed to DRP for tracking and processing. If eligible, an ID will be sent back to the institution to give the inmate upon checkout order. Ensuring the ID is available and given to the inmate is critical to support an inmate’s successful reentry.
During the pre-release phase of an inmate’s incarceration period, inmates will meet with DAPO staff that administers a COMPAS reentry assessment focused on criminogenic needs of the inmate post-incarceration. At this time, DAPO in-prison staff will work to refer inmates to programming addressing any unmet criminogenic needs directly following incarceration. Once in the community, DAPO parole agents work closely with DRP to get parolees into available community based services, including treatment, employment, transitional housing, and other community services needed to best effectuate an inmates successful reentry into society.
STEP 7: Parole / Back into the community
Parolee successfully rejoins society. DRP works closely with DAPO to provide comprehensive post-release rehabilitative programs and services located in communities throughout the state of California delivered through residential, outpatient, and drop-in centers.
- Day Reporting Centers (DRC)
- Community Based Coalition (CBC)
- Parolee Service Center (PSC)
- Transitional Housing Program (THP)
- Specialized Treatment for Optimized Programming (STOP)
- Computer Literacy Learning Center (CLLC)
- Substance Abuse Treatment And Recovery Program (STAR)